On July 26, 1948, Truman signed Executive Order 9981, declaring that the policy “shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale.”
ESTABLISHING THE COMIVHTTEE ON EQUALITY OF TREATMENT AND OPPORTUNITY IN THE ARMED SERVICES
WHEREAS it is essential that there be maintained in the armed services of the United States the highest standards of democracy, with equality of treatment and Opportunity for all those who serve in our country?s defense:
NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, by the Constitution and the . statutes of the United States, and as Commander in Chief of the armed services, it is hereby ordered as follows:
1. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. This policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale.
2. There shall be created in the National Military Estab- lishment an advisory committee to be known as the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services, which shall be composed of seven members to be desig- nated by the President.
3. The Committee is authorized on behalf of the President to examine into the rules, procedures and practices of the armed services in order to determine in what respect such rules, pro- cedures and practices may be altered or improved with a View to carrying out the policy of this order. The Committee shall
confer and advise with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary
oi the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force, and shall nuke such recommendatiOns to the President And to said Secretaries as in the judgment of the Committee will elfectuate the policy hereof.
4. All executive departroents and agencies of the Federal Goverrmqent are authorized and directed to cooper- ate with the Committee in its work. and to furnish the Com- mittcc such inIOrmation or the services of such persons as the Committee may require in the performance of its duties.
5. When requested by the Committee to do 30, persons in the armed services 01' in any OI the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government shell testify before the Committee and shall make available for the use of the Conm?ttee such docmnents and other information as the Com- mittee may require.
6. The Committee shall continue to exist until such
time as the President shall terminate its existence by