The possible charges readied during the Nixon-Watergate investigation

After 44 years, some previously sealed documents have been released in the legal road map for the impeachment case against President Richard M. Nixon.

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Criminal No.

Violation of 18 U.S.C.
V. 201(d), 371, 1503, and 1510
(bribery, conspiracy,
obstruction of justice and

obstruction of a criminal
investigation)

RICHARD M. NIXON
PRESENTMENT
The Grand Jury charges:
Introduction

1. At all times material herein, the Democratic National
Committee, an unincorporated association, was located at the Watergate
Office Building, 2600 Virginia Avenue, NW., in the District of
Columbia.

2. At all times material herein, the United States Attorney's
Office for the District of Columbia and the Federal Bureau of
Investigation were parts of the Department of Justice, a department
and agency of the United States.

3. At all times material herein, RICHARD M. NIXON was the
President of the United States.

4. On or about June 17, 1972, Bernard L. Barker, Virgilio R.
Gonzalez, Eugenio R. Martinez, James W. McCord, and Frank L. Sturgis
were arrested in the offices of the Democratic National Committee
while attempting to photograph documents and repair a surreptitious
electronic listening device which had previously been placed in
those offic?iunlawfully.

5. Beginning on or about June 17, 1972, and at all times
material herein, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the United
States Attorney's Office for the District of Columbia were conducting
an investigation, in conjunction with a Grand Jury of the United
States District Court for the District of Columbia which had been
duly empanelled and sworn on or about June 5, 1972, to determine
whether violations of 18 U.S.C. 371, 2511, and 22 D.C. Code 1801(b),
and of other statutes of the United States and of the District of

Columbia, had been committed in the District of Columbia and elsewhere,

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and to identify the individual or individuals who had committed,
caused the commission of, or conspired to commit such violations.
On or about June 23, 1972, the Grand Jury began hearing evidence
in connection with this investigation.

6. On or about September 15, 1972, in connection with the
said investigation, the Grand Jury returned an indictment in
Criminal Case No. 1827-72 in the United States District Court for
the District of Columbia, charging Bernard L. Barker, Virgilio R.
Gonzalez, E. Howard Hunt, Jr., G. Gordon Liddy, Eugenio R. Martinez,
James W. McCord, Jr., and Frank L. Sturgis with conspiracy, burglary

and unlawful endeavor to intercept wire communications.

COUNT ONE

7. From on or about March 21, 1973, up to and including the
date of the filing of the presentment, in the District of Columbia
and elsewhere, RICHARD M. NIXON, unlawfully, willfully and knowingly
did combine, conSpire, confederate and agree together and with co-
conspirators unnamed herein to commit offenses against the United
States, to wit, to commit bribery in violation of Title 18,
United States Code, Section 201(d), to obstruct justice in violation
of Title 18, United States Code, Section 1503, and to obstruct a
criminal investigation in violation of Title 18, United States Code,
Section 1510.

8. It was part of the conSpiracy that RICHARD M. NIXON and
the co-conSpirators would corruptly give, offer and promise a thing
of value to another person with intent to influence the testimony
under oath of such other person as a witness at a proceeding before
an officer authorized by the laws of the United States to hear
evidence and take testimony, for the purpose of concealing and causing
to be concealed the identities of the persons who were reSponsible for,
participated in, or had knowledge of the activities which were the
subject of the investigation referred to in paragraph five (5) above,

and other illegal and improper activities.

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9. It was further a part of the conspiracy that RICHARD M.
NIXON and the co?conspirators would corruptly influence, obstruct
and impede, and corruptly endeavor to influence, obstruct and
impede, the due administration of justice in connection with the
investigation referred to in paragraph five (5) above for the
purposes stated in paragraph eight (8) above.

10. It was further a part of the conspiracy that RICHARD M.
NIXON and the co?conspirators would, by means of bribery, obstruct,
delay, and prevent the communication of information relating to
violations of criminal statutes of the United States to a criminal
investigator duly authorized by a Department of the United States
to conduct and engage in investigations of and prosecutions for
violations of the criminal laws of the United States., for the
purposes stated in paragraph eight (8) above.

11. Among the means by which RICHARD M. NIXON and the co-
conspirators would carry out the aforesaid conspiracy were the
following:

On or about March 21, 1973, RICHARD M. NIXON,
together with certain of the co?conspirators would make and cause
to be made a covert cash payment to and for the benefit of E. Howard
Hunt, Jr.

On or about March 22, 1973, RICHARD M. NIXON, and
certain of the coeconspirators would hold a meeting.

On or about March 23, 1973, RICHARD M. NIXON would
direct one of the co-conspirators to prepare a false, deceigiive
and misleading report concerning matters which were the subject of
the investigation referred to in paragraph five (5) above.

12. In furtherance of the conspiracy, and to effect the objects
thereof, the following overt acts were committed in the District of

Columbia and elsewhere:

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OVERT ACTS

1. On or about March 16, 1973, E. Howard Hunt, Jr., met with
Paul O'Brien at 815 Connecticut Avenue NW., in the District of
Columbia, at which time Hunt told O'Brien that Hunt wanted approxi~
mately $120,000.

2. On or about March 21, 1973, John W. Dean met with
RICHARD M. NIXON at the White House in Washington, D.C., at which
time Dean told NIXON of the demand of E. Howard Hunt, Jr. for
approximately $120,000.

3. On or about March 21, 1973, RICHARD M. NIXON met with
John W. Dean and Harry R. Haldeman at the White House in
Washington, D.C., at which time NIXON instructed Dean and Haldeman

that approximately $120,000 should be paid to and for the benefit

ywa of E. Howard Huntabout March 21, 1973, in the District of Columbia,
Fred C. LaRue met with a messenger and gave the messenger approxi?
mately $75,000 in cash for delivery to William O. Bittman.

5. On or about March 21, 1973, RICHARD M. NIXON met with
John W. Dean John D. Ehrlichman, and Harry R. Haldeman at the
White House in the District of Columbia, at which time there was
a discussion of having Dean prepare a written report on the Water-
gate case.

6. On or about March 22, 1973, John W. Dean John D.
Ehrlichman, Harry R. Haldeman and John N. Mitchell met at the White
House in Washington, D.C., at which time Mitchell told Ehrlichman
that E. Howard Hunt, Jr.'s money problem had been taken care of.

7. On or about March 22, 1973, RICHARD M. NIXON met with
John W. Dean John D. Ehrlichman, Harry R. Haldeman, and John N.
Mitchell at the White House in Washington, D.C., at which time there
was a discussion of having Dean prepare a written report on the

Watergate case.

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8. On or about March 22, 1973, John D. Ehrlichman had a
conversation with Egil KrOgh at the White House in Washington, D.C.,
at which time Ehrlichman told Krogh not to worry about the testimony
of E. Howard Hunt, Jr., because John N. Mitchell was taking care of
Hunt and paying all the defendants in the Watergate case.

9. On or about March 23, 1973, Harry R. Haldeman had a telephone
conversation with John W. Dean who was then at Camp David,
Maryland, in which Haldeman instructed Dean to prepare a written
report on the Watergate case.

(In violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 371)

COUNT TWO

The Grand Jury further charges:

On or about March 21, 1973, in the District of Columbia,
RICHARD M. NIXON unlawfully, willfully and knowingly did corruptly
give, offer, and promise a thing of value, to wit, approximately
$75,000 in cash to E. Howard Hunt, Jr., with intent to influence the
testimony of E. Howard Hunt, Jr., at a proceeding before an officer
authorized by the laws of the United States to hear evidence and
take testimony, to wit, the Foreman of a Grand Jury of the United
States District Court for the District of Columbia.

(In violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 201(d) and 2.)
COUNT THREE

The Grand Jury further charges:

From on or about March 21, 1973, up to and including the date
of the filing of this presentment, in the District of Columbia, and
elsewhere, RICHARD M. NIXON, unlawfully, willfully and knowingly did
corruptly influence, obstruct and impede, and did corruptly endeavor
to influence, obstruct and impede the due administration of justice

in connection with an investigation being conducted by the Federal

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Bureau of Investigation and the United States Attorney's Office
for the District of Columbia, in conjunction with a Grand Jury of
the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, to
determine whether violations of 18 U.S.C. 371, 2511 and 22 D.C. Code
1801(b), and of other statutes of the United States and of the
District of Columbia had been committed in the District of Columbia
and elseghere, and to identify the individual or individuals who had
committed, caused the commission of, or conspired to commit such
violations.

(In violation of Title 18, United States Code, Sections

1503 and 2.)

COUNT FOUR
The Grand Jury ?rther charges:
From on or about March 21, 1973, up to and including the date
of the filing of this presentment, in the District of Columbia
and elsewhere, RICHARD M. NIXON, unlawfully, willfully, and
knowingly did, by means of bribery, obstruct, delay and prevent
the communicationkof information relating to violations of criminal

m.

statutes of the United criminal

investigators.
(In violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section

1510 and 2.)

A True Bill

FOREMAN

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