Read the Trump administration's executive order on immigrants and refugees

The Trump White House issued an executive order Friday calling for a temporary halt to refugee admission and entry from seven Muslim-majority countries. Trump signs order temporarily halting admission of refugees, promises priority for Christians

THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release
January 27, 2017
EXECUTIVE ORDER
- - - - - - PROTECTING THE NATION FROM FOREIGN TERRORIST
ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES
By the authority vested in me as President by the
Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including
the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1101
et seq., and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and to
protect the American people from terrorist attacks by foreign
nationals admitted to the United States, it is hereby ordered as
follows:
Section 1. Purpose. The visa-issuance process plays a
crucial role in detecting individuals with terrorist ties and
stopping them from entering the United States. Perhaps in no
instance was that more apparent than the terrorist attacks of
September 11, 2001, when State Department policy prevented
consular officers from properly scrutinizing the visa
applications of several of the 19 foreign nationals who went on
to murder nearly 3,000 Americans. And while the visa-issuance
process was reviewed and amended after the September 11 attacks
to better detect would-be terrorists from receiving visas, these
measures did not stop attacks by foreign nationals who were
admitted to the United States.
Numerous foreign-born individuals have been convicted or
implicated in terrorism-related crimes since September 11, 2001,
including foreign nationals who entered the United States after
receiving visitor, student, or employment visas, or who entered
through the United States refugee resettlement program.
Deteriorating conditions in certain countries due to war,
strife, disaster, and civil unrest increase the likelihood that
terrorists will use any means possible to enter the United
States. The United States must be vigilant during the visa-

issuance process to ensure that those approved for admission
do not intend to harm Americans and that they have no ties to
terrorism.
In order to protect Americans, the United States must
ensure that those admitted to this country do not bear hostile
attitudes toward it and its founding principles. The United
States cannot, and should not, admit those who do not support
the Constitution, or those who would place violent ideologies
over American law. In addition, the United States should not
admit those who engage in acts of bigotry or hatred (including
"honor" killings, other forms of violence against women, or the
persecution of those who practice religions different from their
own) or those who would oppress Americans of any race, gender,
or sexual orientation.
Sec. 2. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to
protect its citizens from foreign nationals who intend to commit
terrorist attacks in the United States; and to prevent the
admission of foreign nationals who intend to exploit United
States immigration laws for malevolent purposes.
Sec. 3. Suspension of Issuance of Visas and Other
Immigration Benefits to Nationals of Countries of Particular
Concern. (a) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in
consultation with the Secretary of State and the Director of
National Intelligence, shall immediately conduct a review to
determine the information needed from any country to adjudicate
any visa, admission, or other benefit under the INA
(adjudications) in order to determine that the individual
seeking the benefit is who the individual claims to be and is
not a security or public-safety threat.
(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation
with the Secretary of State and the Director of National
Intelligence, shall submit to the President a report on the
results of the review described in subsection (a) of this
section, including the Secretary of Homeland Security's
determination of the information needed for adjudications and a
list of countries that do not provide adequate information,
within 30 days of the date of this order. The Secretary of
Homeland Security shall provide a copy of the report to the
Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence.
(c) To temporarily reduce investigative burdens on
relevant agencies during the review period described in
subsection (a) of this section, to ensure the proper review and

maximum utilization of available resources for the screening of
foreign nationals, and to ensure that adequate standards are
established to prevent infiltration by foreign terrorists or
criminals, pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C.
1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the immigrant and nonimmigrant
entry into the United States of aliens from countries referred
to in section 217(a)(12) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)(12), would
be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and I
hereby suspend entry into the United States, as immigrants and
nonimmigrants, of such persons for 90 days from the date of this
order (excluding those foreign nationals traveling on diplomatic
visas, North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas, C-2 visas for
travel to the United Nations, and G-1, G-2, G-3, and G-4 visas).
(d) Immediately upon receipt of the report described in
subsection (b) of this section regarding the information needed
for adjudications, the Secretary of State shall request all
foreign governments that do not supply such information to start
providing such information regarding their nationals within
60 days of notification.
(e) After the 60-day period described in subsection (d) of
this section expires, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in
consultation with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the
President a list of countries recommended for inclusion on a
Presidential proclamation that would prohibit the entry of
foreign nationals (excluding those foreign nationals traveling
on diplomatic visas, North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas,
C-2 visas for travel to the United Nations, and G-1, G-2, G-3,
and G-4 visas) from countries that do not provide the
information requested pursuant to subsection (d) of this section
until compliance occurs.
(f) At any point after submitting the list described in
subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary of State or the
Secretary of Homeland Security may submit to the President the
names of any additional countries recommended for similar
treatment.
(g) Notwithstanding a suspension pursuant to subsection
(c) of this section or pursuant to a Presidential proclamation
described in subsection (e) of this section, the Secretaries of
State and Homeland Security may, on a case-by-case basis, and
when in the national interest, issue visas or other immigration
benefits to nationals of countries for which visas and benefits
are otherwise blocked.

(h) The Secretaries of State and Homeland Security shall
submit to the President a joint report on the progress in
implementing this order within 30 days of the date of this
order, a second report within 60 days of the date of this order,
a third report within 90 days of the date of this order, and a
fourth report within 120 days of the date of this order.
Sec. 4. Implementing Uniform Screening Standards for All
Immigration Programs. (a) The Secretary of State, the
Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of National
Intelligence, and the Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation shall implement a program, as part of the
adjudication process for immigration benefits, to identify
individuals seeking to enter the United States on a fraudulent
basis with the intent to cause harm, or who are at risk of
causing harm subsequent to their admission. This program will
include the development of a uniform screening standard and
procedure, such as in-person interviews; a database of identity
documents proffered by applicants to ensure that duplicate
documents are not used by multiple applicants; amended
application forms that include questions aimed at identifying
fraudulent answers and malicious intent; a mechanism to ensure
that the applicant is who the applicant claims to be; a process
to evaluate the applicant's likelihood of becoming a positively
contributing member of society and the applicant's ability to
make contributions to the national interest; and a mechanism to
assess whether or not the applicant has the intent to commit
criminal or terrorist acts after entering the United States.
(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in conjunction
with the Secretary of State, the Director of National
Intelligence, and the Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, shall submit to the President an initial report
on the progress of this directive within 60 days of the date of
this order, a second report within 100 days of the date of this
order, and a third report within 200 days of the date of this
order.
Sec. 5. Realignment of the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program
for Fiscal Year 2017. (a) The Secretary of State shall suspend
the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) for 120
days. During the 120-day period, the Secretary of State, in
conjunction with the Secretary of Homeland Security and in
consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, shall
review the USRAP application and adjudication process to
determine what additional procedures should be taken to ensure
that those approved for refugee admission do not pose a threat

to the security and welfare of the United States, and shall
implement such additional procedures. Refugee applicants who
are already in the USRAP process may be admitted upon the
initiation and completion of these revised procedures. Upon the
date that is 120 days after the date of this order, the
Secretary of State shall resume USRAP admissions only for
nationals of countries for which the Secretary of State, the
Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National
Intelligence have jointly determined that such additional
procedures are adequate to ensure the security and welfare of
the United States.
(b) Upon the resumption of USRAP admissions, the Secretary
of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland
Security, is further directed to make changes, to the extent
permitted by law, to prioritize refugee claims made by
individuals on the basis of religious-based persecution,
provided that the religion of the individual is a minority
religion in the individual's country of nationality. Where
necessary and appropriate, the Secretaries of State and Homeland
Security shall recommend legislation to the President that would
assist with such prioritization.
(c) Pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C.
1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the entry of nationals of Syria
as refugees is detrimental to the interests of the United States
and thus suspend any such entry until such time as I have
determined that sufficient changes have been made to the USRAP
to ensure that admission of Syrian refugees is consistent with
the national interest.
(d) Pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C.
1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the entry of more than 50,000
refugees in fiscal year 2017 would be detrimental to the
interests of the United States, and thus suspend any such entry
until such time as I determine that additional admissions would
be in the national interest.
(e) Notwithstanding the temporary suspension imposed
pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the Secretaries of
State and Homeland Security may jointly determine to admit
individuals to the United States as refugees on a case-by-case
basis, in their discretion, but only so long as they determine
that the admission of such individuals as refugees is in the
national interest -- including when the person is a religious
minority in his country of nationality facing religious
persecution, when admitting the person would enable the United

States to conform its conduct to a preexisting international
agreement, or when the person is already in transit and denying
admission would cause undue hardship -- and it would not pose a
risk to the security or welfare of the United States.
(f) The Secretary of State shall submit to the President
an initial report on the progress of the directive in subsection
(b) of this section regarding prioritization of claims made by
individuals on the basis of religious-based persecution within
100 days of the date of this order and shall submit a second
report within 200 days of the date of this order.
(g) It is the policy of the executive branch that, to the
extent permitted by law and as practicable, State and local
jurisdictions be granted a role in the process of determining
the placement or settlement in their jurisdictions of aliens
eligible to be admitted to the United States as refugees. To
that end, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall examine
existing law to determine the extent to which, consistent with
applicable law, State and local jurisdictions may have greater
involvement in the process of determining the placement or
resettlement of refugees in their jurisdictions, and shall
devise a proposal to lawfully promote such involvement.
Sec. 6. Rescission of Exercise of Authority Relating to
the Terrorism Grounds of Inadmissibility. The Secretaries of
State and Homeland Security shall, in consultation with the
Attorney General, consider rescinding the exercises of authority
in section 212 of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1182, relating to the
terrorism grounds of inadmissibility, as well as any related
implementing memoranda.
Sec. 7. Expedited Completion of the Biometric Entry-Exit
Tracking System. (a) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall
expedite the completion and implementation of a biometric entryexit tracking system for all travelers to the United States, as
recommended by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon
the United States.
(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to the
President periodic reports on the progress of the directive
contained in subsection (a) of this section. The initial report
shall be submitted within 100 days of the date of this order, a
second report shall be submitted within 200 days of the date of
this order, and a third report shall be submitted within 365
days of the date of this order. Further, the Secretary shall
submit a report every 180 days thereafter until the system is
fully deployed and operational.

Sec. 8. Visa Interview Security. (a) The Secretary of
State shall immediately suspend the Visa Interview Waiver
Program and ensure compliance with section 222 of the INA,
8 U.S.C. 1222, which requires that all individuals seeking a
nonimmigrant visa undergo an in-person interview, subject to
specific statutory exceptions.
(b) To the extent permitted by law and subject to the
availability of appropriations, the Secretary of State shall
immediately expand the Consular Fellows Program, including by
substantially increasing the number of Fellows, lengthening or
making permanent the period of service, and making language
training at the Foreign Service Institute available to Fellows
for assignment to posts outside of their area of core linguistic
ability, to ensure that non-immigrant visa-interview wait times
are not unduly affected.
Sec. 9. Visa Validity Reciprocity. The Secretary of State
shall review all nonimmigrant visa reciprocity agreements to
ensure that they are, with respect to each visa classification,
truly reciprocal insofar as practicable with respect to validity
period and fees, as required by sections 221(c) and 281 of the
INA, 8 U.S.C. 1201(c) and 1351, and other treatment. If a
country does not treat United States nationals seeking
nonimmigrant visas in a reciprocal manner, the Secretary of
State shall adjust the visa validity period, fee schedule, or
other treatment to match the treatment of United States
nationals by the foreign country, to the extent practicable.
Sec. 10. Transparency and Data Collection. (a) To
be more transparent with the American people, and to more
effectively implement policies and practices that serve the
national interest, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in
consultation with the Attorney General, shall, consistent with
applicable law and national security, collect and make publicly
available within 180 days, and every 180 days thereafter:
(i)
information regarding the number of foreign
nationals in the United States who have been charged
with terrorism-related offenses while in the United
States; convicted of terrorism-related offenses while
in the United States; or removed from the United
States based on terrorism-related activity,
affiliation, or material support to a terrorismrelated organization, or any other national security

reasons since the date of this order or the last
reporting period, whichever is later;
(ii)
information regarding the number of foreign
nationals in the United States who have been
radicalized after entry into the United States and
engaged in terrorism-related acts, or who have
provided material support to terrorism-related
organizations in countries that pose a threat to the
United States, since the date of this order or the
last reporting period, whichever is later; and
(iii) information regarding the number and types of
acts of gender-based violence against women, including
honor killings, in the United States by foreign
nationals, since the date of this order or the last
reporting period, whichever is later; and
(iv)
any other information relevant to public safety
and security as determined by the Secretary of
Homeland Security and the Attorney General, including
information on the immigration status of foreign
nationals charged with major offenses.
(b) The Secretary of State shall, within one year of the
date of this order, provide a report on the estimated long-term
costs of the USRAP at the Federal, State, and local levels.
Sec. 11. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order
shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i)
the authority granted by law to an executive
department or agency, or the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget relating to budgetary,
administrative, or legislative proposals.
(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with
applicable law and subject to the availability of
appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create
any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at
law or in equity by any party against the United States, its
departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or
agents, or any other person.

DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,
January 27, 2017.