Manafort interviewed twice by FBI before joining Trump’s 2016 campaign, new documents show

Court documents raise new questions about vetting of top Trump campaign aides

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284 Filed 04/23/18 Page 1 of 23

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
Crim. No. 17-201-1 (ABJ)
PAUL J. MANAFORT, JR.,
Redacted Public Version
Defendant

GOVERNMENTaS MEMORANDUM IN OPPOSITION TO
DEFENDANT PAUL J. MANAFORT, JR.aS MOTION TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE
AND THE FRUITS THEREOF RELATING TO THE SEARCH OF HIS
RESIDENCE LOCATED IN ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA
The United States of America, by and through Special Counsel Robert S. Mueller, III, files
this memorandum in opposition to defendant Paul J. Manafort, Jr.as motion (Doc. 264) to suppress
evidence that the government obtained pursuant to a warrant authorizing the search of his residence
located in Alexandria, Virginia. Manafort argues principally that the warrant violated the Fourth
Amendmentas particularity requirement, that it impermissibly authorized seizure of electronic
devices without probable cause to believe they would be found in his residence, and that the
government unreasonably executed the warrant by seizing devices outside its scope and retaining
the seized materials for a period of nine months following the search. These arguments lack merit.
The warrant satisfied the constitutional particularity requirement. Far from being aan
overbroad general warranta (Doc. 264 at 1), the warrant enumerated 11 specific categories of
records that were subject to seizure, all of which must relate to the criminal offenses listed
alongside those categories in the warrant. The supporting affidavit also established ample probable
cause to believe that electronic devices would contain evidence of the crimes at issue and would
be found at Manafortas residence. In any event, the warrant was not so deficient as to particularity

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284 Filed 04/23/18 Page 2 of 23

or probable cause as to prevent law enforcement agents from reasonably relying on it. Any
constitutional infirmity therefore would not require suppression under the good-faith exception to
the exclusionary rule.
Manafortas complaints about the execution of the warrant fare no better. His challenge to
the scope of the seizure fails because devices such as iPods were subject to seizure as storage
media on which responsive records could be found. Further, the governmentas handling of the
materials seized from the residence has been reasonable at every step. The government aimageda
electronic devices onsite so that Manafort could retain the originals, has used a filter team to protect
attorney-client and other privileges, and has offered throughout the discovery process to provide
Manafort with documents that the government has identified as likely irrelevant to the current
prosecution. That conduct fully complies with the Fourth Amendment and, under the good-faith
exception, would not justify suppression of any materials within the scope of the warrant even if
it did not. For these and other reasons explained further below, Manafortas motion to suppress
should be denied.
BACKGROUND
The relevant facts, as established by the warrant, the supporting affidavit, and related
materials, are as follows. 1
1. On July 25, 2017, an agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) (aAffianta)
submitted an application for a warrant to search Manafortas condominium in Alexandria, Virginia.
The application was based on a 41-page affidavit, submitted by the Affiant, describing potential

1

Manafort has appended a heavily redacted version of the warrant affidavit (aAff.a) to his
motion. Because this memorandum refers to portions of the affidavit not visible in that redacted
version, the government is separately seeking leave of the Court to file an unredacted version of
this memorandum, as well as unredacted copies of the warrant application, under seal.
2

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284 Filed 04/23/18 Page 3 of 23

violations of approximately ten criminal statutes arising from three sets of activities (athe Subject
Offensesa). Aff. AP 3; see

First, the Affidavit

In particular,

.
Second, the Affidavit

.
Third, the Affidavit

After describing the evidence of potential criminal violations, the Affidavit set forth

3

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reasons to believe that pertinent financial records, business records, and other materials would be
found at Manafortas residence. Aff. APAP 60-80. This included information, provided by a Manafort
employee who had recently been at the residence, about Manafortas use of a home office and the
nature of the documents the employee had observed at the residence. Id. APAP 65-71. In addition,
and as relevant here, the Affidavit explained that the government was seeking authorization to
search for responsive records on computers and other storage media located in the home. Id. AP 75.
In that regard, the Affidavit noted that the same Manafort employee had reported seeing a desktop
computer in Manafortas home office and had described Manafortas awidespread use of electronic
media in the course of his business activity.a Id. AP76. The employee further reported that Manafort
previously had a drawer full of phones and electronic equipment at his prior residence in Alexandria, from which he had moved in 2015. Id. APAP 71, 76. The Affidavit concluded by reiterating that,
in accordance with Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 41(e)(2)(B), the government was seeking
a warrant that authorized not only seizing of electronic devices that may have been used to commit
the Subject Offenses but also aseizing, imaging, or otherwise copying storage media that
reasonably appear to contain some or all of the evidence described in the warrant.a Aff. AP 80. 2
2. Based on the Affidavit, on July 25, 2017, a magistrate judge in the Eastern District of
Virginia issued a warrant authorizing the search of Manafortas residence, including aany locked
drawers, containers, cabinets, safes, computers, electronic devices, and storage media (such as hard

2

The process of imaging storage media for later offsite review described in the Affidavit
conforms to a standard law enforcement practice that was formalized in the 2009 amendments to
Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 41. See Fed. R. Crim. P. 41 adv. comm. note (2009
amendment) (updated Rule aacknowledges the need for a two-step process: officers may seize or
copy the entire storage medium and review it later to determine what electronically stored
information falls within the scope of the warranta).
4

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disks or other media that can store data) found therein.a Doc. 264-2, Attach. A. 3 Attachment B
to the warrant permitted agents executing the warrant to seize a[c]omputers or storage media used
as means to commit the Subject Offenses,a as well as a[r]ecords relatinga to the list of the Subject
Offenses aoccurring on or after January 1, 2006.a Items subject to seizure, the warrant stated,
ainclud[ed] but [were] not limited toa records falling within 11 specific categories of records,
among them:
a. Any and all financial records for Paul Manafort, Jr., [Manafortas wife], Richard
Gates, or companies associated with [those individuals], including but not
limited to records relating to any foreign financial accounts and records relating
to payments by or on behalf of any foreign government, foreign officials,
foreign entities, foreign persons, or foreign principals;
b. Any and all federal and state tax documentation, including but not limited to
personal and business tax returns and all associated schedules for Paul
Manafort, Jr., Richard Gates, or companies associated with Manafort or Gates;
c. Letters, correspondence, emails, or other forms of communications with any
foreign financial institution, or any individual acting as the signatory or
controlling any foreign bank account;
d. Records relating to efforts by Manafort, Gates, or their affiliated entities to
conduct activities on behalf of, for the benefit of, or at the direction of any
foreign government, foreign officials, foreign entities, foreign persons, or
foreign principals, including but not limited to the Party of Regions and Viktor
Yanukovych;
***
h. Communications, records, documents, and other files involving any of the
attendees of the June 9, 2016 meeting at Trump tower, as well as Aras and Amin
Agalorov;

3

Attempting to tie this warrant to a separate motion to dismiss he has filed, Manafort
asserts in a footnote that the warrant is invalid because, he claims, athe Special Counsel did not
have the authority or jurisdiction to apply for the [s]earch [w]arrant.a Doc. 264 at 1 & n.2. That
assertion ignores that a law enforcement officer, not the Special Counsel, applied for the warrant
and that, in any event, the warrant application states that it was reviewed by an Assistant U.S.
Attorney in the Eastern District of Virginia, Doc. 264-2 at 1.
5

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i.

Evidence indicating Manafortas state of mind as it relates to the crimes under
investigation[.]

Doc. 264-1, Attach. B AP 1.
3. The government executed the warrant on July 26, 2017, the day after it was issued. 4
The executing agents seized financial and other records and a number of electronic storage devices.
Doc. 264-1 (redacted warrant return). 5 The agents aimaged,a or made digital copies of, many of
those devices on site, thereby allowing Manafort to retain custody of the devices. Id. at 7. With
respect to seized documents, the agents aflaggeda a set of materials afor possible attorney-client
privilege.a Id. at 2, 10-11. Those materials were immediately segregated and, within days of the
search, were made available to the attorneys who represented Manafort at the time.

The

government also (i) put in place a afilter teama of attorneys outside the prosecution team to screen
data on the seized devices for privileged material, and (ii) used automated processesadescribed
to defense counsel in discovery lettersato segregate materials that were not likely relevant to the
criminal case. These measures are discussed in further detail in Part II.B below.
ARGUMENT
I. The Warrant Satisfies The Fourth Amendmentas Particularity And Probable Cause
Requirements
Manafort contends (Doc. 264 at 2-6) that the warrant authorizing a search of his residence
violated the Fourth Amendment because it awas unconstitutionally overbroada and the supporting

4

The warrant application had not sought permission to enter without knocking. In issuing
the warrant, the magistrate judge authorized the government to execute the warrant any day
through August 8, 2017, and to conduct the search ain the daytime [from] 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.a
Doc. 264-1 at 1. The government complied fully with those date and time conditions, and
Manafort does not contend otherwise.
5

The government is filing contemporaneously with this memorandum a motion for leave
to file under seal an unredacted version of the search warrant application and related documents,
which include the search warrant return. See n.1, supra.
6

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affidavit did not establish probable cause that electronic devices connected to the Subject Offenses
would be found at the residence. These contentions fail on the merits and would not, in any event,
justify suppression in light of the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule.
A. The Warrant Was Sufficiently Particular
The Fourth Amendment provides that a[t]he right of the people to be secure in their
persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be
violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation,
and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.a U.S.
Const. Amend. IV. The second (or aWarranta) clause of the Amendment contains the particularity
requirement, which was designed ato prevent general searches.a Maryland v. Garrison, 480 U.S.
79, 84 (1987). aBy limiting the authorization to search to the specific areas and things for which
there is probable cause to search,a the Supreme Court has explained, athe requirement ensures that
the search will be carefully tailored to its justifications, and will not take on the character of the
wide-ranging exploratory searches the Framers intended to prohibit.a Id.
As the Courtas explanation in Garrison reflects, the requirement that a warrant aparticularly
describ[e]a the place to be searched and things to be seized embodies two arelated but distinct
conceptsa: abreadth and particularity.a United States v. Ulbricht, 858 F.3d 71, 102 (2d Cir. 2017),
pet. for cert. filed, No. 17-950 (Jan. 4, 2018). aParticularity is the requirement that the warrant
must clearly state what is sought,a while a[b]readth deals with the requirement that the scope of
the warrant be limited by the probable cause on which the warrant is based.a United States v. Hill,
459 F.3d 966, 973 (9th Cir. 2006) (internal citation and quotation marks omitted), cert. denied,
549 U.S. 1299 (2007); see United States v. Griffith, 867 F.3d 1265, 1275-76 (D.C. Cir. 2017)
(explaining that the particularity requirement aprevents the issuance of warrants on loose, vague

7

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or doubtful bases of facta and, a[i]n that way, . . . is closely tied to the requirement of probable
causea) (quotation marks, citations, and brackets omitted).
Manafortas challenges to three specific provisions in the warrant implicate both of these
concepts. Attacking the warrantas breadth, Manafort argues (Doc. 264 at 3) that anothing in the
affidavit justifiesa seizing as abroada a category of records as the one authorized by the first
enumerated clause in Attachment B. That category covers a[a]ny and all financial records for Paul
Manafort, Jr., [Manafortas wife], Richard Gates, or companies associated witha those three
individuals that relate to the Subject Offenses for the period starting January 1, 2006, aincluding
but not limited to records relating to any foreign financial accounts and records relating to
payments by or on behalf of any foreign government, foreign officials, foreign entities, foreign
persons, or foreign principals.a Doc. 264-2, Attach. B AP 1a.
The Affidavit amply justified a search of that scope. It described at length facts giving
reason to believe that Manafort and Gates had committed, among other offenses, tax crimes,
violations of the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA), and money laundering through their
decade-long work for Ukraine and funneling of money back into the United States.

Those facts made it
reasonable to seek evidence not just in Manafortas own financial records relating to the Subject
Offenses, but those of his close business associate (Gates), his wife, and companies affiliated with
those three individuals. Indeed, given the tax and banking crimes among the Subject Offenses, an
examination of all financial records for the period was necessary for investigators to understand

8

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all sources of Manafortas income, whether legitimate or illegitimate. The first category in
Attachment B, in short, authorized seizures fully consistent with the scope of the probable cause
established in the Affidavit. See, e.g., United States v. Fattah, 858 F.3d 801, 819-20 (3d Cir. 2017)
(rejecting, in prosecution alleging bank fraud and other offenses, challenge to a warrant that
aauthorized the seizure of a number of document types, including a[a]ll financial recordsaa).
Manafort next attacks as insufficiently particular the provision authorizing seizure of
records that contain a[e]vidence indicating Manafortas state of mind as it relates to the crimes
under investigation.a Doc. 264-2, Attach. B AP 1i. aState of minda (much like motive) is a concept
that is familiar to law enforcement officers and that can therefore aprovide meaningful guidance
to the officer charged witha executing the warrant. See United States v. Reeves, 210 F.3d 1041,
1046 (9th Cir. 2000) (citation omitted). Indeed, the Supreme Court has approved the seizure of
documents relating to one transaction to help prove fraud in another transaction precisely because
those documents were relevant to show the defendantas mental stateaviz., his aintent to defraud.a
Andresen v. Maryland, 427 U.S. 463, 483-84 (1976); see also Messerschmidt v. Millender, 565
U.S. 535, 551 (2012) (explaining, in the context of qualified immunity, how a reasonable officer
could have believed that evidence of gang affiliation covered by a warrant would ahelp establish
motivea for an assault crime). Many of the Subject Offenses here similarly require proof of an
intent to defraud, see 18 U.S.C. ASS 1343, or other heightened mental states, see, e.g., 22 U.S.C.
ASS 618(a) (willfulness for FARA); 31 U.S.C. ASS 5322 (same for FBAR). When construed in light of
that list of Subject Offenses, the state-of-mind category provided sufficiently meaningful guidance
on the scope of permissible seizures to satisfy the Fourth Amendmentas particularity requirement.
See United States v. Tsarnaev, 53 F. Supp. 3d 450, 455-57 (D. Mass. 2014) (rejecting particularity
challenge to warrant that authorized seizure of, among other categories, a[p]roperty, records, or

9

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information related to the state of mind and/or motivea of suspects who perpetrated attack).
Finally, Manafort asserts that the clause in Attachment B authorizing the seizure of
a[c]omputers or storage media used as a means to commit the Subject Offenses,a Doc. 264-2,
Attach. B. AP 2, adid not limit the agentsa discretion in determining what computers or storage media
fit that description,a Doc. 264 at 3. The particularity requirement, however, turns in significant
part on athe information available to the investigating agent that could limit the search at the time
the warrant application is given to the magistrate.a United States v. Yusuf, 461 F.3d 374, 395 (3d
Cir. 2006), cert. denied, 549 U.S. 1338 (2007); see United States v. Maxwell, 920 F.2d 1028, 1031
(D.C. Cir. 1990) (because the particularity aassess[ment]a is aconcerned with the realities of
administration of criminal justice,a a[i]t is sufficient if the warrant signed by the judicial officer is
particular enough if read with reasonable effort by the officer executing the warranta (internal
quotation marks omitted)). And courts have not demanded detailed descriptions of electronic
devices subject to seizure when investigators have reason to know that such devices will be found
at a location but cannot precisely identify them by, for example, type or brand. 6
The D.C. Circuitas decision in Griffith, cited by Manafort (Doc. 264 at 3-6), illustrates the
point. There, officers investigating a year-old murder obtained a warrant to search for and seize
aall electronic devicesa found in the home of the suspected getaway driveras girlfriend. 867 F.3d
at 1269-70. The D.C. Circuit held the ensuing seizure of the devices from the home invalid because

6

See, e.g., United States v. Burroughs, 905 F. Supp. 2d 297, 307 (D.D.C. 2012) (warrant
authorizing seizure of cellphones, weapons, and iPod Shuffle device was sufficiently particular
even though it did not identify athe color, size, and typea of the phones, the model of the gun, or
athe color of the iPod Shufflea), affad on other grounds, 810 F.3d 833 (D.C. Cir. 2016); United
States v. Loera, 59 F. Supp. 3d 1089, 1151-52 (D. N.M. 2014) (language permitting agents to seize
aany computers, cell phones, and/or electronic media that could have been used as a means to
commit the offenses described in the warrant,a was sufficiently particular where the government
did not know awhat computer equipment or electronic devices that [the target] would have used
toa perpetrate the crimes or conceal evidence).
10

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the warrant affidavit had not established probable cause that the suspect even owned a cellphonea
which was the lone device that the government was seekingamuch less that any such phone
contained incriminating evidence or would be found at the girlfriendas home. Id. at 1271-75. That
problem was compounded, the court explained, by the warrantas authorization to seize electronic
devices belonging to others, without any reason to believe that those devices would contain
evidence related to the murder. Id. at 1276.
Even as it held the warrant to seize all electronic devices invalid, however, the court in
Griffith recognized that warrants may authorize seizure of a abroadera class of devices awhen a
reasonable investigation cannot produce a more particular description.a 867 F.3d at 1276. The
court gave as an example a scenario in which police learn athrough an informanta about a suspectas
use of an electronic device aand thus have no ability to describe the specific characteristics ofa that
device, such as its amake or model.a Id. The circumstances described in Griffith approximate
those that the agents faced in this case. Specifically, while the government learned from an
informant that Manafort currently had one particular device (a desktop computer) in the home
office of his residence and had amade widespread usea of other devices in the recent past, Aff. AP 76,
it could not more particularly describe those devices at the time that agents sought the warrant.
The Fourth Amendment therefore did not require the agents to use a description more specific than
the categorical (and commonly employed) one found in the warrant.
B. The Affidavit Established Probable Cause To Believe That Electronic Devices
Containing Relevant Records Would Be Found In The Place Searched
Again invoking Griffith, Manafort argues (Doc. 264 at 4-6) that the Affidavit failed to
establish probable cause that the electronic devices subject to search and seizure under the warrant
would be found in his residence. Manafort is correct on the law: applications for a warrant to
search someoneas property cannot rest solely on facts showing that the individual committed a
11

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crime and must instead ademonstrate cause to believe that aevidenceaa of the crimes under
investigation aais likely to be found at the place to be searched.aa Griffith, 867 F.3d at 1271
(quoting Groh v. Ramirez, 540 U.S. 551, 568 (2004)). Manafort errs, however, in applying that
principle to the facts of this case.
Notably, Manafortas motion does not cite the governing probable-cause standard, which is
far less exacting than his analysis would suggest. A determination of probable cause requires a
apractical, common-sensea evaluation of the facts recited in support of a search warrant to
determine whether there is a afair probability that contraband or evidence of a crime will be found.a
Illinois v. Gates, 462 U.S. 213, 238 (1983). The probable-cause standard adoes not deal with hard
certainties, but with probabilities,a and law enforcement officers are entitled to aformulate[]
certain common-sense conclusions about human behavior.a Id. at 231 (quoting United States v.
Cortez, 449 U.S. 411, 418 (1981)). aAll that [is] requireda for probable cause, the Court declared
most recently, ais the kind of fair probability on which reasonable and prudent people, not legal
technicians, act.a Florida v. Harris, 568 U.S. 237, 244 (2013) (internal quotation marks and
brackets omitted)). In addition, a[a] magistrateas adetermination of probable cause should be paid
great deference by reviewing courts.aa Gates, 462 U.S. at 236 (quoting Spinelli v. United States,
393 U.S. 410, 419 (1969)).
Under that settled standard, the Affidavit established probable cause to believe both that
Manafortas computers and storage media would contain evidence of the Subject Offenses and that
those devices would be found at his residence. First, the Affidavit

12

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Along
with the reasons for expecting business and financial records to be stored at the residence in some
form, see id. APAP 61-71, those descriptions allowed the issuing magistrate to draw the acommonsense conclusion[,]a Gates, 462 U.S. at 231, that evidence relating to the Subject Offenses would
likely be found on Manafortas electronic devices.
The Affidavit also set forth a sufficient basis for believing that computers and other storage
devices containing evidence of the Subject Offenses would be found at Manafortas residence. In
particular, the Affidavit explained as a general matter that one form in which relevant records
amight be found is data stored on a computeras hard drive or other storage media.a Aff. AP 75. It
then recited several facts about Manafortas particular use of computers, as provided by a Manafort
employee who

had been inside the residence

as recently as three weeks before the warrant. Id. APAP

, 67, 76. Those facts included:

aC/

that the employee had seen a desktop computer on the desk in the room that Manafort
used as a home-office, Aff. AP 76;

aC/

athat Manafort ha[d] made widespread use of electronic media in the course of his
business activity,a id.; and

aC/

that Manafort had a drawer full of aphones and electronic equipmenta in his prior
Alexandria residence and had given the employeeaeither for donation to charity or
other useaaseveral additional devices, both laptops and cellular phones,a id.

These are not aan assortment of truisms,a as Manafort asserts (Doc. 264 at 5). They are concrete
facts about Manafortas use of (and access to) electronic devices that reasonably led the issuing
magistrate to find a fair probability that such devices would be afound at the placed to be searched.a
See Griffith, 867 F.3d at 1273 (internal quotation marks omitted); see id. at 1271 (recognizing that

13

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reviewing courts apay agreat deferencea to the [issuing] judgeas initial determination of probable
causea (quoting Gates, 462 U.S. at 236)).
Manafortas contrary argument rests largely on a misreading of the nature of the search and
seizure authorized by the warrant. He focuses solely on whether the Affidavit aestablish[ed]
probable cause to believe that the electronic devices purportedly used in the commission of the
subject offenses are likely to be found in the Manafort home.a Doc. 264 at 5 (emphasis added).
The italicized language tracks the provision in the warrant authorizing the seizure of a[c]omputers
or storage media used as means to commit the Subject Offensesaathat is, devices that were
instrumentalities of the Subject Offenses. Doc. 264-1, Attach. B AP 2. But the warrant also allowed
the government to search acomputers, electronic devices, and storage mediaa found at the
residence for the various categories of records enumerated in Attachment B.

Doc. 264-1,

Attach. A; see Aff. AP 80 (explaining that, consistent with Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure
41(e)(2)(B), the Affiant sought a warrant that apermit[s] seizing, imaging, or otherwise copying
storage media that reasonably appear to contain some or all of the evidence described in the
warranta). That portion of the warrant alone authorized the search and seizure of all of the devices
that the government obtained at the residence. Accordingly, the relevant question is not whether
the Affidavit established probable cause to believe that devices used as instrumentalities of the
offense would be found at the residence, as Manafort asserts; it is whether the Affidavit
demonstrated cause to believe that evidence of the Subject Offenses would be found on computers
and other storage media and that such devices would be found at Manafortas residence.
See Griffith, 867 F.3d at 1273. And for the reasons given above, the answer to that question is yes.

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C. Suppression Is Unwarranted In Any Event Under The Good-Faith Exception To
The Exclusionary Rule.
Even if Manafortas particularity and probable-cause challenges were meritorious,
suppression would be unwarranted under the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule.
See United States v. Leon, 468 U.S. 897, 922 (1984). As the Supreme Court has explained, the
exclusionary rule adoes not apply when the police conduct a search in aobjectively reasonable
reliancea on a warrant later held invalid.a Davis v. United States, 564 U.S. 229, 238-39 (2011)
(quoting Leon, 468 U.S. at 922). aThe error in such a case rests with the issuing magistrate, not
the police officer, and apunish[ing] the errors of judgesa is not the office of the exclusionary rule.a
Id. at 239 (quoting Leon, 468 U.S. at 916). Of relevance here, the Court has applied that reasoning
both where the warrant was allegedly unsupported by probable cause (as in Leon, 468 U.S. at 903),
and where it was found to be overbroad (as in the companion case of Massachusetts v. Sheppard,
468 U.S. 981, 988-91 (1984)).
The circumstances of this case fall within the heartland of the good-faith exception. The
Affiant prepared a 41-page affidavit that (a) described in detail facts that undisputedly establish
probable cause to believe that Manafort committed the Subject Offenses and (b) also included facts
that led a neutral magistrate to find probable cause that evidence of those violations would be
found at the residence. The Affiant had the warrant application reviewed by a prosecutor.
Doc. 264-2 at 1. He then submitted the application to a magistrate judge,

Having thus taken aevery step that could reasonably
be expected ofa him, the Affiant was entitled to conclude athat the warrant authorized a search for
the materials outlined in the [A]ffidavit.a Sheppard, 468 U.S. at 989.
None of the exceptions recognized in Leon applies here. Even if the Affidavit ultimately
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did not establish probable cause to believe that the relevant devices would be found in Manafortas
residence, it was not so abare bonesa or aso lacking in indicia of probable cause as to render official
belief in its existence entirely unreasonable.a Leon, 468 U.S. at 923, 926; see Millender, 565 U.S.
at 547 (stating that athe threshold for establishing this exception is a high one, and it should bea).
Nor would any of the three particularity challenges raised by Manafort, even if meritorious, render
the warrant aso facially deficient . . . that the executing officers [could] not reasonably presume it
to be valid.a Leon, 468 U.S. at 923. To the contrary, because courts have rejected particularity
challenges to similar provisions in other warrants, see p. 9, supra, aa reasonably well trained officer
would [not] have known thata the warrant here was invalid adespite the magistrateas
authorization.a Leon, 468 U.S. at 922 n.23. Accordingly, the good-faith exception forecloses
application of the exclusionary rule. 7 See Maxwell, 920 F.2d at 1034 (D.C. Cir.) (applying goodfaith exception to warrant held aoverly broada); see also United States v. Nicely, 922 F.2d 850,
859 (D.C. Cir. 1991) (declining to suppress where the defendant claimed the warrant lacked
specificity but a[t]he itemization of documents subject to seizure in th[e] warrant does not appear
to be blatantly open-endeda).
II. Manafortas Challenges To The Execution Of The Search Warrant Are Unavailing And
Do Not Support Suppression In Any Event
Manafort argues (Doc. 264 at 6-10) that the governmentas execution of the warrant violated
the Fourth Amendment because, he claims, the executing agents seized materials outside the
warrantas scope and the government has retained all seized materials since the search without

7

Although Leon recognized two other exceptions to its rule of objectively reasonable
reliance, Manafort does not assert any facts that would bring those two exceptions into play. See
468 U.S. at 923 (noting exception for when the issuing magistrate awas misled by information in
an affidavit that the affiant knew was false or would have known was false except for his reckless
disregard of the truth,a or where the magistrate abandons her judicial role, such as by participating
in the execution of the warrant).
16

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returning to him those irrelevant to the prosecution. Those contentions lack merit and establish no
basis for suppressing evidence properly seized as within the scope of the warrant.
A. The Executing Agents Did Not Seize Devices Beyond The Scope Of The Warrant
Manafort contends (Doc. 264 at 6-7) that the government exceeded the scope of the warrant
by seizing aevery electronic and media device ina his home. That was improper, Manafort asserts,
because the warrant permitted the seizure of aelectronic devices used in the commission of the
subject offenses,a and no reasonable agent could believe that devices asuch as an Apple iPoda or
aiPod Toucha had been used to commit the crimes at issue. Id. at 7.
Manafortas contention again rests on his mistaken reading of the warrantathat is, that it
authorized only the seizure of computers and storage media that were instrumentalities of the
Subject Offenses. As explained above, however, the warrant also authorized agents to search
astorage media (such as hard disks or other media that can store data)a for the 11 categories of
records enumerated in Attachment B. See Doc. 264-1 Attach. A. Devices such as the iPod and
iPod Touch plainly qualify as astorage media,a since they can store files such as contact lists and
can even be used as backup drives. See, e.g., See United States v. Ballard, 551 Fed. Appx. 33, 36
(3d Cir. 2014) (unpublished) (personal information relevant to identity-theft scheme found on
iPod); United States v. Okeayainneh, No. 11-cr-87, 2011 WL 2457395, at *10 (D. Minn. May 13,
2011) (affidavit established probable cause to believe that an iPod was among the devices used to
store and transmit information in a fraud and identity-theft scheme). Because those devices are
capable of storing evidence that falls within the scope of the warrant, the agents properly imaged
those devices or took them for offsite review under Attachment A to the warrant.
In any event, Manafort would not be entitled to suppression even if he were correct. Absent
evidence that the government flagrantly disregarded the terms of the warrant (which Manafort

17

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does not allege), the remedy for the seizure of materials outside the scope of a warrant is
suppression of the improperly seized materials. See Maxwell, 920 F.2d at 1034 n.7. Here,
Manafort identifies only the two iPod devices as supposedly falling outside the warrantas terms,
but the government will not be introducing any evidence obtained from those devices at the trial
in this case. There is, in short, nothing to suppress.
B. The Governmentas Efforts To Review And Segregate Non-Responsive Information
Have Been Reasonable And Do Not Warrant Suppression
Manafortas final contention (Doc. 264 at 7-10) is that the government has violated his
Fourth Amendment rights by retaining the materials seized from his residence without (he claims)
making an effort to identify and return materials that fall outside the scope of the warrant. That
contention, however, is based on an incomplete account of the governmentas conduct and readily
distinguishable out-of-circuit case law.
1. The governing legal principle is again undisputed. As the Supreme Court has explained,
a[t]he general touchstone of reasonableness which governs Fourth Amendment analysis governs
the method of execution of the warrant.a United States v. Ramirez, 523 U.S. 65, 71 (1998) (internal
citation omitted); see Dalia v. United States, 441 U.S. 238, 258 (1979) (a[T]he manner in which a
warrant is executed is subject to later judicial review as to its reasonableness.a). In considering
whether the execution of a warrant authorizing the search of computers or voluminous materials
was reasonable, courts have considered factors such as the length of the delay between the search
and the governmentas review of seized materials; the reasons for the delay, including whether any
period was attributable to the need to conduct privilege review; and whether the government
officers acted in bad faith. See, e.g., United States v. Jarman, 847 F.3d 259, 266-67 (5th Cir. 2017);
United States v. Syphers, 426 F.3d 461, 469 (1st Cir. 2005).
The governmentas execution of the warrant and retention of seized data in this case have
18

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been reasonable at each step. As explained above, in executing the warrant, the government
imaged as many of Manafortas electronic devices and storage media as possible onsite so that
Manafort could retain custody of those devices. Doc. 264-1 at 7. Aware that attorney-clientprivileged materials might be found in the residence, see Aff. AP 68, the executing agents flagged
and segregated potentially privileged materials during the search. Doc. 264-1 at 2, 10 (search
warrant return). The government made those materials available within days to the attorneys
representing Manafort at the time.

It also promptly gave Manafort aaccess to hard copy

documentsa seized from the residence. Nov. 17, 2017 Ltr. at 3, Exh. A, infra (explaining that
Manafort had already been given access to such documents but that the government was still
aproducinga them). And all the while, the government has employed a filter (or atainta) team of
attorneys outside the prosecution team a[t]o address potential privilege issues.a

Id. at 11

(explaining use of a filter team and informing defendants that the attorney coordinating the filter
team awill make productions to defense counsel directlya); cf. United States v. Singhal, 800 F.
Supp. 2d 12, 15 (D.D.C. 2010) (filter-team procedure calls for aattorneys who are not involved in
the case . . . to review the documents before the active prosecution team is permitted to see thema).
Contrary to Manafortas suggestion, the governmentas review of the seized materials has
not been limited to determining issues of privilege. See Doc. 264 at 7 (asserting that a[t]he
government has only represented that the materials have been subject to a privilege reviewa).
Rather, as reflected in several discovery letters sent to Manafortas counsel, the government has
conducted extensive review of the seized devices and made efforts to segregate materials that are
airrelevant to thisa prosecution, a category that necessarily includes materials outside the scope of
the warrant. Dec. 1, 2017 Ltr. at 3, Exh. B, infra. For example, in a December 1, 2017 letter to
counsel for Manafort and then-codefendant Gates, the government stated that it

19

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284 Filed 04/23/18 Page 20 of 23

has endeavored to segregate out, from the material being produced, documents that
are irrelevant to this matter. Given the volume of devices and electronic records,
the government has relied on an automated process to remove certain categories of
records that the government expects to be irrelevant. If you would like to discuss
in further detail what this process entails, please let us know. Additionally, if you
wish to examine any of the material removed from this (or any future) production
through this automated process for identifying irrelevant material, please contact us
to discuss and to arrange a mutually agreeable time.
Id.; see Nov. 17, 2017 Ltr. at 3, Exh. A, infra (as of November 17, 2017, electronic media were
abeing processed to segregate out both privileged material . . . and personal material that is
irrelevant to the prosecutiona). Manafort has not asked for an opportunity to review materials
sorted pursuant to the governmentas internal processes, suggested to the government that its review
was inadequate to identify material outside the scope of the warrant, or requested that the
government return to him materials that he believes to fall outside the warrantas scope. 8
2. The governmentas review process described above bears no resemblance to circumstances in the cases cited by Manafort in which courts have ordered blanket suppression of
evidence. In his leading case, United States v. Metter, 860 F. Supp. 2d 205 (E.D.N.Y. 2012), the
government had not commenced privilege or pertinence review of seized and imaged items 15
months after the warrantas execution.

Id. at 211.

Although recognizing that the Fourth

Amendment does not set a hard-and-fast limit on the period for the government ato review seized
electronic data,a the court in Metter characterized as aunreasonable and disturbinga a[t]he

8

To the extent that Manafortas reference to aindefinite retention of all . . . electronicallystored materiala (Doc. 264 at 9) is meant to suggest that the government cannot retain a complete
copy of imaged devices that also contain material outside the scope of the warrant, that suggestion
lacks merit. As the en banc Second Circuit recently observed, the government has strong reasons
for retaining aa complete mirrora of a storage medium, especially in a case headed for trial.
See United States v. Ganias, 824 F.3d 199, 215-16 (2d Cir.) (explaining that copies may need to
be retained in case they need to be provided to forensic experts and, more generally, ato preserve,
authenticate, and effectively present at trial the evidence . . . lawfully obtaineda from the device),
cert. denied, 137 S. Ct. 569 (2016).
20

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governmentas retention of all imaged electronic documents, including personal emails, without
any review whatsoever to determine not only their relevance to this case, but also to determine
whether any recognized legal privileges attached to them.a Id. at 215. Blanket suppression of all
evidence from the storage media was appropriate, the court concluded, because the government
had acted in bad faith, as shown by its afail[ure] to commence the review, despite repeated requests
from defense counsel and directions from the Court to do so.a Id. at 216.
The decision in United States v. Debbi, 244 F. Supp. 2d 235 (S.D.N.Y. 2003), involved
what the court found to be similarly egregious facts. Agents executing a avery broad warranta
permitting seizure of evidence of health-care fraud and obstruction of justice took from an eye
doctoras home amany items that plainly fell outside th[o]se parameters, such as personal and
religious files, general correspondence, family financial records, [and] private patient records.a Id.
at 237. The government did not attempt to separate those items from evidence of the subject crimes
at the time of the search and, even aafter repeated demands from defense counsel,a returned only
aa limited portion of improperly seized materials.a Id. at 237-28. Finding that the government
had ablatantly disregard[ed] the very limitations that saved the warrant from overbreadth,a the
court suppressed as evidenceaand ordered the government to returnaaany items seized from the
Debbi home thata the government had not yet determined to be aevidence of either obstruction or
health care fraud.a Id. at 238. The court reserved decision, however, on whether to suppress all
of the evidence that the government obtained during the search was appropriate. Id.
The governmentas conduct here is readily distinguishable from these cases. The court in
Metter based its decision on the governmentas failure to conduct privilege and pertinence review
for 15 months after executing the warrant. 860 F. Supp. 2d at 215. Here, the government began
conducting privilege review, identifying pertinent materials, and segregating out airrelevant,

21

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personal information,a id., almost immediately after the search. Compare Jarman, 847 F.3d at
266-67 (distinguishing Metter where the government employed a filter team ato protect . . . [the]
privileged informationa of the defendantas clients, privilege review took eight months, and the
government then promptly acompleted its forensic examinationa). Nor is this an instance, as in
Debbi, where the government was aware that it had seized sensitive personal items but made little
effort to return them, despite arepeated demands from defense counsel.a 244 F. Supp. 2d at 13738.

On the contrary, and as explained above, Manafortas counsel did not respond to the

governmentas offers to discuss its screening process and did not request the return of nonresponsive materials until filing the present motion. And on the one occasion when Manafortas
former counsel requested the return of privileged material in August 2017, the government
immediately arranged for that material to be returned.
In sum, given the governmentas extensive efforts to review seized materials for privilege
and pertinence, its execution of the warrant falls well within the bounds of reasonableness required
by the Fourth Amendment. Further, because no precedent would have alerted a reasonably welltrained officer that executing a warrant in the manner the government has done here violates the
Fourth Amendment, the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule forecloses suppression.
See Leon, 468 U.S. at 922 n.23. And finally, absent any claim of bad faith or flagrant disregard of
the warrantas terms (which Manafort has not made), any suppression remedy for improper
retention of materials outside the scope of the warrant would be limited to exclusion of those
materials at trial. See Maxwell, 920 F.2d at 1034 n.7; United States v. Tamura, 694 F.2d 591, 597
(9th Cir. 1982) (aGenerally, the exclusionary rule does not require the suppression of evidence
within the scope of a warrant simply because other items outside the scope of the warrant were
unlawfully taken as well.a) (cited at Doc. 264 at 7, 9).

22

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CONCLUSION
For the foregoing reasons, Manafortas motion to suppress evidence derived from the search
of his residence (Doc. 264) should be denied.
Respectfully submitted,
ROBERT S. MUELLER, III
Special Counsel
Dated: April 23, 2018

/s/ Andrew Weissmann
Andrew Weissmann
Greg D. Andres (D.D.C. Bar No. 459221)
Scott A.C. Meisler
U.S. Department of Justice
Special Counselas Office
950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, D.C. 20530
Telephone: (202) 616-0800
Attorneys for the United States of America

23

Case Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 1 of 15

EXHIBIT A

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 2 of 15
U.S. Department of Justice

1.

The Special Counselas Office
Washington, D.C. 20530

By Hand Delivery and Email

November 17, 2017

Kevin M. Downing, Esq.
Law Offices of Kevin Downing
815 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. /Suite 730
Washington, D.C. 20006
(kevindowning@kdowninglaw.com)
(Counsel for Paul J. Manafort, Jr.)
Shanlon Wu, Esq.
Wu, Grohovsky & Whipple, PLLC
Ronald Reagan Building
& International Trade Center
1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W./Suite 700
Washington, D.C. 20004
(swu@dcwhitecollar.com)
(Counsel for Richard W. Gates III)
Re: United States v. Paul J. Manafort, Jr. & Richard W. Gates III
Crim. No. 17-201 (ABJ)
Dear Messrs. Downing & Wu:
Pursuant to Rule 16 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, enclosed
please find the governmentas first discovery production. The government requests
reciprocal discovery from each defendant. This production, and all others, are
covered by the Protective Order entered by the Court on November 15, 2017.
Enclosed with this letter are a thumb drive and a larger hard drive. The
enclosed materials are protected by a password that will be sent to you under
separate cover.

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 3 of 15

I.

The Governmentas Discovery
A.

Statements of the Defendants

Below please find a list of documents containing the defendantsa statements
which are being produced in the enclosed thumb drive:
Attachment
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
B.

Date of Statement
October 30, 2017 Statement of Paul J. Manafort, Jr. (Post-Arrest)
October 30, 2017 Statement of Richard W. Gates III (Post Arrest)
July 26, 2017 Statement of Paul J. Manafort (Condominium Search)
March 13, 2013 Interview of Paul J. Manafort, Jr.
July 2, 2014 Interview of Richard W. Gates III
July 30, 2014 Interview of Paul J. Manafort, Jr.

The Defendantsa Criminal History

The government is not presently aware of any criminal history by either
defendant.
C.

Documents and Tangible Objects

You may examine the physical evidence discoverable under Rule 16,
including original documents, by calling the undersigned to arrange a mutually
convenient time.
aC/

Documents seized from physical searches

Court-authorized search warrants were executed in this matter, including a
July 26, 2017 search of defendant Manafortas residence at
Alexandria, Virginia (a
searcha), and a May 27, 2017 search
of a storage unit at 370 Holland Lane, Unit 3013, Alexandria, Virginia (astorage
unit searcha). The government is producing copies of the search warrant affidavits,
with redactions to protect the identity of individuals who provided information and
the governmentas ongoing investigation. Below is a list of material related to these
searches that are being produced on the enclosed thumb drive.

Page 2

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 4 of 15

Attachment Document
#
7
Application and Affidavit (with redactions)
for search at
Alexandria, VA
8
Warrant Return for search of
Alexandria, VA
9
Application and Affidavit (with redactions)
for search at 370 Holland Lane, Unit 3013,
Alexandria, VA
10
Warrant Return for 370 Holland Lane, Unit
3013, Alexandria, VA
11
Photographs of Condominium Search

Bates Range
(where applicable)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
SCO-PROD0100000001 a 00001383

With respect to the
search, the government has already
provided defendant Manafort with access to hard copy documents and has provided
all electronic discovery already, either by leaving the originals of the electronic
material on site at the time of the search (and the government only took an
electronic image) or by later producing an electronic copy to the defense of the
material that could not be copied at the time of the search. Accordingly, the
government does not intend to reproduce these electronic materials to defendant
Manafort, but we are producing the hardcopy documents. The government is
currently processing the electronic media seized from
for
production to defendant Gates. In particular, these materials are being processed
to segregate out both privileged material (including, for example, those instances
where Manafort is the sole privilege holder) and personal material that is irrelevant
to the prosecution. If you would like to discuss in further detail what these
processes entail, please let us know. Once the privileged and personal materials are
segregated, the government will provide copies of the remaining material to the
defendant Gates, on a rolling basis.
The government also has obtained possession of other electronic devices
(including computers), which as explained below, are being processed and/or
reviewed by a separate taint team of agents and prosecutors to ensure that the
prosecution team is not provided with any privileged material. This issue is further
addressed below in Section I(G).
A copy of the physical material seized during the storage unit search will be
produced to both defendants in a subsequent production.

Page 3

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 5 of 15

aC/

Financial and other Documents

The government has obtained a substantial number of additional documents
that will be produced on a rolling basis. To facilitate the production of various
financial records, the government provides the following documents on the enclosed
thumb drive (we will be reproducing this material in load-ready format with
sequential Bates stamps at a later date):

Page 4

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 6 of 15

aC/

aHota Documents

In light of the volume of documentary evidence to be produced in this case,
the government will endeavor to identify ahota documents. Our initial effort in that
regard is being produced with this letter, as identified below:
Attachment Date of Statement
#
24
aHot Docsa

Bates range
SCO-PROD01-00002496 a
00008832

Included among these documents are certain tax documents, including documents
from KWC (formerly Kositzka, Wicks and Co.), identified with the Bates numbers
SCO-PROD01-00004863 a 00008832.
aC/

Hard Drive Documents

In addition to the aforementioned documents provided on the thumb drive,
the government is producing an additional set of documents on a separate hard
drive. 1 The hard drive contains approximately 89,000 separate items,
encompassing Bates numbers DOJSCO-400000001 a DOJSCO-400261645. The
index for the documents is as follows:

1

All documents titled with a numbered attachment can be found on the thumb drive being produced by
the government (e.g. aAttachment 1 a October 30, 2017 Statement of Paul J. Manafort, Jr. (Post-Arrest)a).
Such documents are titled by the attachment name as listed in this letter, and are not being produced in
load-ready format. All documents produced on the hard drive are in load-ready format for any ediscovery platform.

Page 5

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Case Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 10 of 15

Case Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 11 of 15

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 12 of 15

D. Reports of Examinations and Tests
The government will provide you with copies of any additional reports of
examinations or tests in this case as they become available.
E.

Expert Witnesses

The government will comply with Fed. R. Crim. P. 16(a)(1)(G) and Fed. R.
Evid. 702, 703 and 705 and notify you in a timely fashion of any expert that the
government intends to call at trial and provide you with a summary of the expertas
opinion.
The identity, qualifications, and bases for the conclusions of each expert will
be provided to you when they become available.
F.

Brady Material, Jencks Material and Other Crimes, Wrongs or
Acts

The government understands and will comply with its continuing obligation
to produce exculpatory material as defined by Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83
(1963), and its progeny.
Before trial, the government will furnish materials discoverable pursuant to
Title 18, United States Code, Section 3500 (Jencks Act), as well as impeachment
materials. See Giglio v. United States, 405 U.S. 150 (1972). The government will
provide the defendant with reasonable notice in advance of trial if it intends to offer
any material under Fed. R. Evid. 404(b). As suggested by the Court at the
November 6, 2017 conference, the government expects to work with the defendants
to propose a schedule with respect to the production of both Rule 404(b) notice and
Section 3500 (Jencks Act) material.
G. Privilege/Taint Review
To address potential privilege issues with respect to materials obtained
during the investigation, the government employed a taint review process, which
was managed by
,
in the Department of Justice. As to certain material, Ms.
will make
productions to defense counsel directly. She can be reached at (202)
Page 11

.

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 13 of 15

H. Indictment References
Please see below regarding the anonymized references in the Indictment:
Anonymized Reference
(from Indictment)
Vendor A
Vendor B
Vendor C
Vendor D
Vendor E
Vendor F
Vendor G
Vendor H
Vendor I
Vendor J
Vendor K
Vendor L
Vendor M
Vendor N
Vendor O

Identity

Vendor P
Vendor Q
Vendor R
Vendor S
Company A
Company B
II.

The Defendants Required Disclosures

The government hereby requests reciprocal discovery under Rule 16(b) of the
Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. The government requests that each
defendant allow inspection and copying of (1) any books, papers, documents, data,
photographs, tapes, tangible objects, or copies or portions thereof, that are in the
defendantas possession, custody or control, and that the defendant intends to
introduce as evidence or otherwise rely on at trial, and (2) any results or reports of
physical or mental examinations and of scientific tests or experiments made in
connection with this case, or copies thereof, that are in the defendantas possession,
custody or control, and that the defendant intends to introduce as evidence or

Page 12

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 14 of 15

otherwise rely upon at trial, or that were prepared by a witness whom the
defendant intends to call at trial.
The government also requests that the defendants disclose prior statements
of witnesses who will be called by the defendants to testify. See Fed. R. Crim. P.
26.2. In order to avoid unnecessary delays, the government requests that the
defendants have copies of those statements available for production to the
government no later than the commencement of trial.
The government also requests that the defendants disclose a written
summary of testimony that the defendants intends to use as evidence at trial under
Rules 702, 703, and 705 of the Federal Rules of Evidence. The summary should
describe the opinions of the witnesses, the bases and reasons for the opinions, and
the qualification of the witnesses.
Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 12.3, the government hereby demands written
notice of the defendantsa intention, if any, to claim a defense of actual or believed
exercise of public authority, and also demands the names and addresses of the
witnesses upon whom the defendants intend to rely in establishing the defense
identified in any such notice.

Page 13

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-1 Filed 04/23/18 Page 15 of 15

III.

Conclusion

If you have any questions or requests regarding further discovery, please do
not hesitate to contact us.
Very truly yours,
ROBERT S. MUELLER, III
Special Counsel
By: /s/
________________________
Andrew Weissmann
(202)
Greg D. Andres
(202)
Kyle R. Freeny
(202)
cc:

Enclosures

Page 14

Case Document 284-2 Filed 04/23/18 Page 1 of 6

EXHIBIT

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-2 Filed 04/23/18 Page 2 of 6
U.S. Department of Justice
1.
The Special Counselas Office
Washington, D.C. 20530

December 1, 2017
By Hand Delivery and Email
Kevin M. Downing, Esq.
Law Offices of Kevin Downing
815 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. /Suite 730
Washington, D.C. 20006
(kevindowning@kdowninglaw.com)
(Counsel for Paul J. Manafort, Jr.)
Shanlon Wu, Esq.
Wu, Grohovsky & Whipple, PLLC
Ronald Reagan Building
& International Trade Center
1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W./Suite 700
Washington, D.C. 20004
(swu@dcwhitecollar.com)
(Counsel for Richard W. Gates III)
Re: United States v. Paul J. Manafort, Jr. & Richard W. Gates III,
Crim. No. 17-201 (ABJ)
Dear Messrs. Downing & Wu:
Pursuant to Rule 16 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, enclosed
please find the governmentas third discovery production in the above-referenced
case. Enclosed with this letter are (1) a thumb drive, (2) a hard drive, and (3) for
defendant Gates only, a CD. All media are protected by a password that will be
sent to you under separate cover. This production, and all others, are covered by the
Protective Order entered by the Court on November 15, 2017.
Contents of the Enclosed Thumb Drive
The enclosed thumb drive contains 19 numbered attachments, as set forth
below.

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-2 Filed 04/23/18 Page 3 of 6

i*

Search Warrant Applications and Related Materials

Enclosed are copies of several additional search warrants and search warrant
affidavits detailed in the chart below. Redactions have been made to protect the
identity of individuals who provided information and to protect the governmentas
ongoing investigation.
Attachment #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
i*

Document
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of
@dmpint.com
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of
@dmpint.com
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of
@dmpint.com and
@dmpint.com
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of
@me.com
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of
@gmail.com
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of Hard
Drive with Serial Number WXB1AA006666
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of bank
account no.
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of bank
account no.
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of bank
account no.
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of
@me.com
Warrant, Application, and Affidavit for search of the
Dropbox account for
@gmail.com

Defendantsa Deposition Testimony

Enclosed are copies of deposition testimony from the defendants Gates and
Manafort, and
, in the matter captioned In re: Application of Kris
Beighton et al., Case No. 1:15-mc-20 in the United State District Court for the
Eastern District of Virginia. Both written transcripts and video of the testimony
are being produced, as set forth below:

Page 2

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-2 Filed 04/23/18 Page 4 of 6

Attachment
#
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

Document Description
Video of Testimony by Richard W. Gates III on November 16, 2015
Video of Testimony by
on November 30, 2015
Video of Testimony by Richard W. Gates III on December 2, 2015
Video of Testimony by Paul J. Manafort Jr. on December 16, 2015
Transcript of Testimony by Richard Gates III on November 16, 2015
Transcript of Testimony by
on November 30, 2015
Transcript of Testimony by Richard Gates III on December 2, 2015
Transcript of Testimony by Paul Manafort Jr. on December 16, 2015

Contents of the Enclosed CD (Produced to Gates only)
Also enclosed for the defendant Gates is a CD containing copies of materials
found on nine devices seized (or imaged) during the search of the defendant
Manafortas residence at
. The files are being produced as AD1
Image files, which can be viewed by using publicly available software that can be
downloaded for free. If you have any questions or concerns about accessing these
documents, please do not hesitate to contact us.
As previously noted, the government is not producing privileged material
from these devices. Any questions about privileged material or issues should be
directed to
at (202)
, who we understand has already
reached out to counsel for both defendants. Additionally, the government has
endeavored to segregate out, from the material being produced, documents that are
irrelevant to this matter. Given the volume of devices and electronic records, the
government has relied on an automated process to remove certain categories of
records that the government expects to be irrelevant. If you would like to discuss in
further detail what this process entails, please let us know. Additionally, if you
wish to examine any of the material removed from this (or any future) production
through this automated process for identifying irrelevant material, please contact
us to discuss and to arrange a mutually agreeable time.
These documents are not being reproduced to defendant Manafort, as he has
already been provided with access to this material.
Contents of the Enclosed Hard Drive
Finally, the enclosed hard drive contains approximately 80,000 separate
items, encompassing Bates numbers DOJSCO-401362401 a DOJSCO-401790274.
These documents are in load-ready format for any e-discovery platform. An index
for the hard drive is as follows:
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Case Document 284-2 Filed 04/23/18 Page 5 of 6

Case 1:17-cr-00201-ABJ Document 284-2 Filed 04/23/18 Page 6 of 6

As previously noted, you may examine the physical evidence discoverable
under Rule 16, including original documents, by calling the undersigned to arrange
a mutually convenient time.
If you have any questions about this production or any further discovery,
please do not hesitate to contact us.
Very truly yours,
ROBERT S. MUELLER, III
Special Counsel
By: /s/
________________________
Andrew Weissmann
(202)
Greg D. Andres
(202)
Kyle R. Freeny
(202)
Enclosures
cc:
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