Read: An open letter from retired generals and admirals opposing the Iran nuclear deal

A group of retired brass says the deal would threaten national security and that Congress should not approve it.

Retired generals and admirals urge Congress to reject Iran deal

25 August, 2015
Hon. John A. Boehner
Speaker of the House
United States House of Representatives
1011 Longworth House Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20515-3508
Hon. Nancy Pelosi
Minority Leader
United States House of Representatives
233 Cannon House Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20515-0512
Hon. Mitch McConnell
Majority Leader
United States Senate
317 Russell Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510-1702
Hon. Harry Reid
Minority Leader
United States Senate
522 Hart Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510-2803
Dear Representatives Boehner and Pelosi and Senators McConnell and Reid:
As you know, on July 14, 2015, the United States and five other nations announced that a
Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has been reached with Iran to prevent it from
developing nuclear weapons. In our judgment as former senior military officers, the agreement
will not have that effect. Removing sanctions on Iran and releasing billions of dollars to its
regime over the next ten years is inimical to the security of Israel and the Middle East. There is
no credibility within JCPOA’s inspection process or the ability to snap back sanctions once
lifted, should Iran violate the agreement. In this and other respects, the JCPOA would threaten
the national security and vital interests of the United States and, therefore, should be disapproved
by the Congress.
The agreement as constructed does not “cut off every pathway” for Iran to acquire
nuclear weapons. To the contrary, it actually provides Iran with a legitimate path to doing that
simply by abiding by the deal. JCPOA allows all the infrastructure the Iranians need for a
nuclear bomb to be preserved and enhanced. Notably, Iran is allowed to: continue to enrich
uranium; develop and test advanced centrifuges; and continue work on its Arak heavy-water
plutonium reactor. Collectively, these concessions afford the Iranians, at worst, a ready breakout
option and, at best, an incipient nuclear weapons capability a decade from now.



The agreement is unverifiable. Under the terms of the JCPOA and a secret side deal (to
which the United States is not privy), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will be
responsible for inspections under such severe limitations as to prevent them from reliably
detecting Iranian cheating. For example, if Iran and the inspectors are unable to reach an
accommodation with respect to a given site, the result could be at least a 24-day delay in IAEA
access. The agreement also requires inspectors to inform Iran in writing as to the basis for its
concerns about an undeclared site, thus further delaying access. Most importantly, these
inspections do not allow access to Iranian military facilities, the most likely location of their
nuclear weapons development efforts. In the JCPOA process, there is substantial risk of U.S.
intelligence being compromised, since the IAEA often relies on our sensitive data with respect to
suspicious and/or prohibited activity.
While failing to assure prevention of Iran’s nuclear weapons development capabilities,
the agreement provides by some estimates $150 billion dollars or more to Iran in the form of
sanctions relief. As military officers, we find it unconscionable that such a windfall could be
given to a regime that even the Obama administration has acknowledged will use a portion of
such funds to continue to support terrorism in Israel, throughout the Middle East and globally,
whether directly or through proxies. These actions will be made all the more deadly since the
JCPOA will lift international embargoes on Iran’s access to advanced conventional weapons and
ballistic missile technology.
In summary, this agreement will enable Iran to become far more dangerous, render the
Mideast still more unstable and introduce new threats to American interests as well as our allies.
In our professional opinion, far from being an alternative to war, the Joint Comprehensive Plan
of Action makes it likely that the war the Iranian regime has waged against us since 1979 will
continue, with far higher risks to our national security interests. Accordingly, we urge the
Congress to reject this defective accord.

1. Admiral David Architzel, US Navy, Retired
2. Admiral Stanley R. Arthur, US Navy, Retired
3. General William Begert, US Air Force, Retired
4. General J.B. Davis, US Air Force, Retired
5. Admiral William A. Doughert, US Navy, Retired
6. Admiral Leon A. “Bud” Edney, US Navy, Retired
7. General Alfred G. Hansen US Air Force, Retired
8. Admiral Thomas Hayward, US Navy, Retired
9. Admiral James Hogg, US Navy, Retired
10. Admiral Jerome Johnson, US Navy, Retired
11. Admiral Timothy J. Keating, US Navy, Retired
12. Admiral Robert J. Kelly, US Navy, Retired
13. Admiral Thomas Joseph Lopez, US Navy, Retired



14. Admiral James A. “Ace” Lyons, US Navy, Retired
15. Admiral Richard Macke, US Navy, Retired
16. Admiral Henry Mauz, US Navy, Retired
17. General Lance Smith, US Air Force, Retired
18. Admiral Leighton Smith, US Navy, Retired
19. Admiral William D. Smith, US Navy, Retired
20. General Louis C. Wagner, Jr., US Army, Retired
21. Admiral Steve White, US Navy, Retired
22. General Ronald W. Yates, US Air Force, Retired

23. Lieutenant General Teddy G. Allen, US Army, Retired
24. Lieutenant General Edward G. Anderson, III, US Army, Retired
25. Lieutenant General Marcus A. Anderson, US Air Force, Retired
26. Lieutenant General Spence M. Armstrong, US Air Force, Retired
27. Lieutenant General Harold W. Blot, US Marine Corps, Retired
28. Vice Admiral Michael Bowman, US Navy, Retired
29. Lieutenant General William G. “Jerry” Boykin, US Army, Retired
30. Vice Admiral Edward S. Briggs, US Navy, Retired
31. Lieutenant General Richard E. “Tex” Brown III, US Air Force, Retired
32. Lieutenant General William J. Campbell, US Air Force, Retired
33. Vice Admiral Edward Clexton, US Navy, Retired
34. Vice Admiral Daniel L. Cooper, US Navy, Retired
35. Vice Admiral William A. Dougherty, US Navy, Retired
36. Lieutenant General Brett Dula, US Air Force, Retired
37. Lieutenant General Gordon E. Fornell, US Air Force, Retired
38. Lieutenant General Thomas B. Goslin, US Air Force, Retired
39. Lieutenant General Earl Hailston, US Marine Corps, Retired
40. Vice Admiral Bernard M. Kauderer, US Navy, Retired
41. Lieutenant General Timothy A. Kinnan, US Air Force, Retired
42. Vice Admiral J. B . LaPlante, US Navy, Retired
43. Vice Admiral Tony Less, US Navy, Retired
44. Lieutenant General Bennett L. Lewis, US Army, Retired
45. Vice Admiral Michael Malone, US Navy, Retired
46. Vice Admiral John Mazach, US Navy, Retired
47. Lieutenant General Thomas McInerney, US Air Force, Retired
48. Lieutenant General Fred McCorkle, US Marine Corps, Retired
49. Vice Admiral Robert Monroe, US Navy, Retired
50. Vice Admiral Jimmy Pappas, US Navy, Retired
51. Vice Admiral J. Theodore Parker, US Navy, Retired
52. Lieutenant General Garry L. Parks, US Marine Corps, Retired
53. Lieutenant General Everett Pratt, US Air Force, Retired
54. Vice Admiral John Poindexter, US Navy, Retired



55. Lieutenant General Clifford "Ted" Rees, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
56. Vice Admiral William Rowden, US Navy, Retired
57. Vice Admiral Robert F. Schoultz, US Navy, Retired
58. Lieutenant General E.G. “Buck” Shuler, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
59. Lieutenant General Hubert 'Hugh" G. Smith, US Army, Retired

60. Vice Admiral Edward M. Straw, US Navy, Retired
61. Lieutenant General David J. Teal, US Air Force, Retired
62. Vice Admiral D.C. "Deese" Thompson, US Coast Guard, Retired
63. Lieutenant General William E. Thurman, US Air Force, Retired
64. Lieutenant General Billy Tomas, US Army, Retired
65. Vice Admiral John Totushek, US Navy, Retired
66. Vice Admiral Jerry Tuttle, US Navy, Retired
67. Vice Admiral Jerry Unruh, US Navy, Retired
68. Vice Admiral Timothy W. Wright, US Navy, Retired

69. Rear Admiral William V. Alford, Jr., US Navy, Retired
70. Major General Thurman E. Anderson, US Army, Retired
71. Major General Joseph T. Anderson, US Marine Corps, Retired
72. Rear Admiral Philip Anselmo, US Navy, Retired
73. Major General Joe Arbuckle, US Army, Retired
74. Rear Admiral James W. Austin, US Navy, Retired
75. Rear Admiral John R. Batzler, US Navy, Retired
76. Rear Admiral John Bayless, US Navy, Retired
77. Major General John Bianchi, US Army, Retired
78. Rear Admiral Donald Vaux Boecker, US Navy, Retired
79. Rear Admiral Jerry C. Breast, US Navy, Retired
80. Rear Admiral Bruce B. Bremner, US Navy, Retired
81. Major General Edward M. Browne, US Army, Retired
82. Rear Admiral Thomas F. Brown III, US Navy, Retired
83. Rear Admiral Lyle Bull, US Navy, Retired
84. Major General Bobby G. Butcher, US Marine Corps, Retired
85. Rear Admiral Jay A. Campbell, US Navy, Retired
86. Major General Henry D. Canterbury, US Air Force, Retired
87. Major General Carroll D. Childers, US Army, Retired
88. Rear Admiral Ronald L. Christenson, US Navy, Retired
89. Major General John R.D. Cleland, US Army, Retired
90. Major General Richard L. Comer, US Air Force, Retired
91. Rear Admiral Jack Dantone, US Navy, Retired
92. Major General William B. Davitte, US Air Force, Retired
93. Major General James D. Delk, US Army, Retired



94. Major General Felix Dupre, US Air Force, Retired
95. Rear Admiral Philip A. Dur, US Navy, Retired
96. Major General Neil L. Eddins, US Air Force, Retired
97. Rear Admiral Paul Engel, US Navy, Retired
98. Major General Vince Falter, US Army, Retired
99. Rear Admiral James H. Flatley, US Navy, Retired
100. Major General Bobby O. Floyd, US Air Force, Retired
101. Major General Paul Fratarangelo, US Marine Corps, Retired
102. Rear Admiral Veronica "Ronne" Froman, US Navy, Retired
103. Rear Admiral R. Byron Fuller, US Navy, Retired
104. Rear Admiral Frank Gallo, US Navy, Retired
105. Rear Admiral Albert A. Gallotta, Jr., US Navy, Retired
106. Rear Admiral James Mac Gleim, US Navy, Retired
107. Rear Admiral Robert H. Gormley, US Navy, Retired
108. Rear Admiral William Gureck, US Navy, Retired
109. Major General Gary L. Harrell, US Army, Retired
110. Rear Admiral Donald Hickman, US Navy, Retired
111. Major General Geoffrey Higginbotham, US Marine Corps, Retired
112. Major General Kent H. Hillhouse, US Army, Retired
113. Rear Admiral Tim Hinkle, US Navy, Retired
114. Major General Victor Joseph Hugo, US Army, Retired
115. Major General James P. Hunt, US Air Force, Retired
116. Rear Admiral Grady L. Jackson, US Navy, Retired
117. Major General William K. James, US Air Force, Retired
118. Rear Admiral John M. “Carlos” Johnson, US Navy, Retired
119. Rear Admiral Pierce J. Johnson, US Navy, Retired
120. Rear Admiral Steven B. Kantrowitz, US Navy, Retired
121. Major General Maurice W. Kendall, US Army, Retired
122. Rear Admiral Charles R. Kubic, US Navy, Retired
123. Rear Admiral Frederick L. Lewis, US Navy, Retired
124. Major General John D. Logeman, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
125. Major General Homer S. Long, Jr., US Army, Retired
126. Major General Robert M. Marquette, US Air Force, Retired
127. Rear Admiral Robert B. McClinton, US Navy, Retired
128. Rear Admiral W. J. McDaniel, MD, US Navy, Retired
129. Major General Keith W. Meurlin, US Air Force, Retired
130. Rear Admiral Terrence McKnight, US Navy, Retired
131. Major General John F. Miller, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
132. Major General Burton R. Moore, US Air Force, Retired
133. Rear Admiral David R. Morris, US Navy, Retired
134. Rear Admiral Ed Nelson, Jr., US Coast Guard, Retired
135. Major General George W. "Nordie" Norwood, US Air Force, Retired
136. Major General Everett G. Odgers, US Air Force, Retired





Rear Admiral Phillip R. Olson, US Navy, Retired
Rear Admiral Robert S. Owens, US Navy, Retired
Rear Admiral Robert O. Passmore, US Navy, Retired
Major General Richard E. Perraut, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral W.W. Pickavance, Jr., US Navy, Retired
Rear Admiral L.F. Picotte, US Navy, Retired
Rear Admiral Thomas J. Porter, US Navy, Retired
Major General H. Douglas Robertson, US Army, Retired
Rear Admiral W.J. Ryan, US Navy, Retired
Rear Admiral Norman Saunders, US Coast Guard, Retired
Major General John P. Schoeppner, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
Major General Edison E. Scholes, US Army, Retired
Rear Admiral Hugh P. Scott, US Navy, Retired
Major General Richard Secord, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral James M. Seely, US Navy, Retired
Major General Sidney Shachnow, US Army, Retired
Rear Admiral William H. Shawcross, US Navy, Retired
Rear Admiral Bob Shumaker, US Navy, Retired
Major General Willie Studer, US Air Force, Retired
Major General Larry Taylor, US Marine Corps, Retired
Rear Admiral Jeremy Taylor, US Navy, Retired
Major General Richard L. Testa, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral Robert P. Tiernan, US Navy, Retired
Major General Paul E. Vallely, US Army, Retired
Major General Kenneth W. Weir, US Marine Corps, Retired
Major General John Welde, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral James B. Whittaker, US Navy, Retired
Major General Geoffrey P. Wiedeman, Jr., MD, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral H. Denny Wisely, US Navy, Retired


Brigadier General John R. Allen, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General John C. Arick, US Marine Corps, Retired
Brigadier General Loring R. Astorino, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral Robert E. Besal, US Navy, Retired
Brigadier General William Bloomer, US Marine Corps, Retired
Brigadier General George P. Cole, Jr., US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Richard A. Coleman, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General James L. Crouch, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral Marianne B. Drew, US Navy, Retired
Brigadier General Philip M. Drew, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Larry K. Grundhauser, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Thomas W. Honeywill, US Air Force, Retired




Brigadier General Gary M. Jones, US Army, Retired
Brigadier General Stephen Lanning, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Thomas J. Lennon, US Air Force, Retired
Rear Admiral Bobby C. Lee, US Navy, Retired
Brigadier General Robert F. Peksens, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Joe Shaefer, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Graham E. Shirley, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Stanley O. Smith, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General Hugh B. Tant III, US Army, Retired
Brigadier General Michael Joseph Tashjian, US Air Force, Retired
Brigadier General William Tiernan, US Marine Corps, Retired
Brigadier General Roger W. Scearce, US Army, Retired
Brigadier General Robert V. Woods, US Air Force, Retired