In December, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that life expectancy in the United States had fallen slightly for the second year in a row, dropping from 78.9 in 2014 to 78.6 years in 2016. The measure is closely tied to income and healthy behaviors, which is why it’s perhaps not surprising that residents of Hawaii, with the second-highest median household income in the United States and an active lifestyle, have the longest life expectancy (81.2 years), while Mississippians, with the lowest household income, one of the highest rates of obesity and the sixth-highest rate of smoking, have the shortest (74.9 years). As 24/7 Wall Street, a financial news and opinion site, found out by looking at metropolitan areas, there’s also a wide gap in life expectancy within states such as California, Florida, South Carolina and Texas, much of it explained by variations in the metropolitan areas’ household income and rates of smoking and obesity. Other states, such as Rhode Island and Vermont, are remarkably homogeneous. Below, based on 2014 data, are the five states with the longest and shortest life expectancies, and the longest and shortest metro area life expectancies in each of them. For those wondering, the District of Columbia’s life expectancy in 2014 was 76.8 (on the low end for longevity), according to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. For more information, visit 247wallst.com.

HIGHEST LIFE EXPECTANCY

1. Hawaii

81.2 years

High metro area: Urban

Honolulu, 81.4 years

Low metro area: Kahului-

Wailuku-Lahaina, 81 years

2. Minnesota

80.9 years

High: Rochester, 82 years

Low: Duluth (Minn.-Wis.),

79 years

3. California

80.8 years

High: San Jose-Sunnyvale-

Santa Clara, 83.1 years

Low: Redding, 76.7 years

4. Connecticut

80.6 years

High: Bridgeport-Stamford-

Norwalk, 81.8 years

Low: Worcester (Mass.-

Conn.), 79.6 years

5. Massachusetts

80.4 years

High: Boston-Cambridge-

Newton (Mass.-N.H.),

80.8 years

Low: Springfield, 79.3 years

LOWEST LIFE EXPECTANCY

1. Mississippi

74.9 years

High metro area:

Hattiesburg, 76 years

Low metro area: Gulfport-

Biloxi-Pascagoula,

75.4 years

2. Alabama

75.7 years

High: Daphne-Fairhope-

Foley, 78.1 years

Low: Gadsden, 73.9 years

3. Louisiana

75.8 years

High: New Orleans-Metairie,

76.7 years

Low: Hammond, 74.3 years

4. West Virginia

76 years

High: Morgantown,

78.7 years

Low: Beckley, 74.9 years

5. Oklahoma

76.1 years

High: Oklahoma City,

76.7 years

Low: Lawton, 76 years

In December, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that life expectancy in the United States had fallen slightly for the second year in a row, dropping from 78.9 in 2014 to 78.6 years in 2016. The measure is closely tied to income and healthy behaviors, which is why it’s perhaps not surprising that residents of Hawaii, with the second-highest median household income in the United States and an active lifestyle, have the longest life expectancy (81.2 years), while Mississippians, with the lowest household income, one of the highest rates of obesity and the sixth-highest rate of smoking, have the shortest (74.9 years). As 24/7 Wall Street, a financial news and opinion site, found out by looking at metropolitan areas, there’s also a wide gap in life expectancy within states such as California, Florida, South Carolina and Texas, much of it explained by variations in the metropolitan areas’ household income and rates of smoking and obesity. Other states, such as Rhode Island and Vermont, are remarkably homogeneous. Below, based on 2014 data, are the five states with the longest and shortest life expectancies, and the longest and shortest metro area life expectancies in each of them. For those wondering, the District of Columbia’s life expectancy in 2014 was 76.8 (on the low end for longevity), according to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. For more information, visit 247wallst.com.

HIGHEST LIFE EXPECTANCY

LOWEST LIFE EXPECTANCY

1. Hawaii

1. Mississippi

81.2 years

74.9 years

High metro area: Urban Honolulu, 81.4 years

High metro area: Hattiesburg, 76 years

Low metro area: Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, 81 years

Low metro area: Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, 75.4 years

2. Minnesota

2. Alabama

80.9 years

75.7 years

High: Rochester, 82 years

High: Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, 78.1 years

Low: Duluth (Minn.-Wis.), 79 years

Low: Gadsden, 73.9 years

3. California

3. Louisiana

80.8 years

75.8 years

High: San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, 83.1 years

High: New Orleans-Metairie, 76.7 years

Low: Redding, 76.7 years

Low: Hammond, 74.3 years

4. Connecticut

4. West Virginia

80.6 years

76 years

High: Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, 81.8 years

High: Morgantown, 78.7 years

Low: Worcester (Mass.-Conn.), 79.6 years

Low: Beckley, 74.9 years

5. Massachusetts

5. Oklahoma

80.4 years

76.1 years

High: Oklahoma City, 76.7 years

High: Boston-Cambridge-Newton (Mass.-N.H.), 80.8 years

Low: Springfield, 79.3 years

Low: Lawton, 76 years

SOURCE: 24/7 Wall Street, which used 2014 data from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation and the American Community Survey.