What is the Navy Yard?
The Navy Yard, one of the oldest military installations in the nation, has about 16,000 employees. The workforce includes Navy and Marine Corps uniformed personnel but is predominately made up of civilians, among them Navy contractors, engineers, lawyers and procurement officials.
The Washington Navy Yard is established as the nation’s home port and shipbuilding facility. Ultimately, 22 ships are built here.
During the War of 1812, Commodore Thomas Tingey orders the yard to be burned upon seeing the British set fire to the Capitol.
Shipbuilding gradually ceases to be the yard’s core function because the Anacostia is too shallow for new, larger vessels.
The yard becomes a manufacturing center for all Navy ordnance.
At its peak around World War II, the yard employs nearly 25,000 people and consists of 188 buildings.
Ordnance work is phased out. Factory buildings are converted to administrative use.
Congress agrees to move in several major commands here which spurs new construction and employees.
In addition to serving as headquarters for five commands, it has a naval museum and ship open to visitors.
The 30th chief of naval operations, Adm. Jonathan W. Greenert, lives in the historic
SOURCE: The Washington Navy Yard, an illustrated history by Edward J. Marolda; Naval History and Heritage Command; NAVSEA; the Library of Congress; Aerial image via Pictometry, International.