Presidential pardons

A ProPublica review of presidential pardons during the George W. Bush administration found that white applicants were nearly four times as likely as minorities to be granted a pardon. Applicants with certain characteristics also had higher odds. Explore some of these factors below for a representative sample of 494 petitioners. Read more in our special report.

Black

0  approved

Hispanic

3  approved
     
28  denied

Other

1  approved
 
11  denied

Unknown

0  approved
20  denied

SOURCE: ProPublica analysis of presidential pardons.
NOTE: "Other" includes 10 Asians and two Native Americans. "Unknown" designates people whose race we could not determine.
DATE: December 4, 2011.
CREDIT: Jennifer LaFleur — ProPublica. Grace Koerber and Jeremy Bowers — The Washington Post.