Closed known coalition bases* *Does not include Special Forces bases Permanent known coalition bases,or bases soon to close* 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2002 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 200,000 Over the past three years, responsibility for security in Afghanistan has been transitioning from the NATO-led ISAF to the homegrown ANSF. Afghan forces are expected to take the lead or have full responsibility for security across their country by the end of 2014. At the height of the surge in 2011, there were more than 400 International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) bases across Afghanistan, each with personnel numbering from the dozens to the thousands. Many of those small combat outposts have been destroyed and evacuated while the larger forward operating bases have been handed over to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). President Hamid Karzai announces the first Afghan provinces and districts to start the transition, based upon operational, political and economic considerations. STAGE 1 MARCH 22, 2011 Karzai announces the second set of Afghan provinces, districts and cities to begin transition. STAGE 2 NOV. 27, 2011 All of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, including every provincial capital and 75 percent of the Afghan population, have entered transition. STAGE 3 MAY 3, 2012 Twenty-three of 34 provinceshave fully entered transition;87 percent of the population now lives in areas where ANSF is in the lead for security. STAGE 4 DEC. 31, 2012 The 11 remaining provinces fully enter into transition, and Afghan forces are in the lead for security across the entire country. STAGE 5 JUNE 18, 2013 American troops deployed to Afghanistan Afghan DefenseMinistry forces Afghan InteriorMinistry forces Afghan security forces on duty Major American bases closed and open after 2014 The five-stage shift to Afghan responsibility Transition begun Transition complete

SOURCE: NATO, Brookings Afghan Index and the International Security Assistance Force . GRAPHIC: Richard Johnson - The Washington Post.